Batteries have become indispensable part of modern life. They store electric power and are found in almost every electronic device we use, from laptops to cell phones to watches and car keys.
Batteries, however, are made of extremely toxic materials. Many of these materials such as lead, plastic and acid can wreak havoc on the health of people and the environment. Hence, it is necessary that every battery is properly and safely disposed off.
Never throw a battery away. The chemicals and acid in the battery can leach into the environment, polluting the land and water. They can also enter the food chain.
Batteries which are disposed can be recycled. The plastic can be reused and other materials which cannot be reused can be safely discarded.
All types of batteries can be recycled. At the recycling facility, the battery is taken apart. The plastic is recycled while the active materials of the battery such as lead, nickel are purified, melted and recycled into batteries.
Almost all battery manufacturers have facilities to recycle batteries. Many even buy back used batteries.
Some countries have laws which charge a refundable recycling deposit during the purchase of the battery. This deposit will be refunded when the battery is returned after its life. This encourages the recycling of batteries.
Never attempt to open or recycle a battery at home. The battery contains harmful chemicals such as lead and mercury which can enter the bloodstream. The acid can cause burns to the eyes and the skin.